More often than not, employers typically require potential job applicants or employees to undergo a pre-employment physical examination. A pre-employment physical examination is a series of medical exams conducted to determine if an employee is physically fit to work.
Employers require pre-employment physical exams from potential employees to assure them that an employee is physically capable of keeping up with the demands of the job and thus protects the employers from any work-related lawsuits due to injury that an employee incurred while being on the job. A Physical Form is usually used by clinicians to document the results or findings of an applicant or a potential employee’s physical exam.
Although it might seem like a pre-employment physical exam only benefits the employer, a pre-employment physical exam also benefits an employee. Pre-employment physicals, or any type of physical exam for that matter, is an opportunity for you to check on the status of your health and lets you see if you are indeed physically able to do your job. Below are reasons why employees need to go through physical exams prior to the job offer:
Usually, the focus of a pre-employment physical exam will depend on the type of job you are applying for. For example, individuals who wish to become a part of a sports team will have to go through a sports physical exam and will need to have Sports Physical Forms. In the same way, jobs that require an employee to do strenuous activities or to be always out on the field, such as firefighters or policemen, might require a more thorough physical assessment. Job applicants are usually subjected to an examination that allows a doctor to determine if your heart, lungs, eyes, ears, and limbs are healthy.
Most, if not all pre-employment physical examinations, include drug and alcohol tests. Engagement in drug or alcohol abuse by an employee can lead to serious psychological instability and even pose a danger to the workplace.
Drug testing is usually done through urine or hair analysis while the use of a breathalyzer is the quickest way to check for alcohol presence in an employee’s blood. Other methods of conducting drug and alcohol tests are through blood tests and mouth swabs. The results of a drug test and an alcohol test will also be documented in the Physical Examination Form and will be submitted to the employer.
Pre-employment physical exams allow employers to detect if an applicant is suffering from an infectious disease. According to the Equal Opportunities Commission or EOC, employers have the legal right to reject applicants who harbor positive results for an infectious disease. However, the law also states that people suffering from minor ailments such as the common cold or flu and individuals with HIV or AIDs should not be turned away.